Ty Newydd’s tomb was erected during the Neolithic period (4000-2000 BC) by an early-agricultural, organized community. Its building was associated with the transition from gathering and hunting to a more settled life, which influenced the development of a sense of territoriality and rights to inheritance, and thus the desire to pay tribute to ancestors. Probably in the Bronze Age tomb was used again by the population of the Beaker Culture, which fragments of ceramics were found during archaeological research.
The burial chamber was built of four vertically arranged stones that supported a large capstone acting as a ceiling. It is 4 meters long and 1.2 to 1.8 meters thick. The area of the chamber is marked by charcoal from the hearth at the eastern end, where it is assumed that there was a second chamber or passage. The entrance to the chamber was on the north-eastern side. In it there were ceramics from the Bronze Age. Originally, the whole chamber was covered with an artificial mound of earth or stones (cairn) with a diameter of about 32 meters.
Only the dolmen, which used to form a burial chamber, have survived to this day, while the stone and earth mound (cairn) has been completely dispersed. Currently, the top, largest stone of the dolmen is slightly skewed and is therefore only supported by three of the four stones.
Castleden R., Neolithic Britain: New Stone Age sites of England, Scotland and Wales, London 1992.
Website ancientmonuments.uk, Ty-Newydd Burial Chamber.
Website coflein.gov.uk, Ty Newydd megalithic burial chamber.