Presaddfed – burial chamber

History

   The Presaddfed tomb was erected during the Neolithic period, around 4000-2000 BC. It served as a collective burial place of the early-agricultural community. The gradual transition from gathering and hunting to more settled agricultural life probably influenced the development of a sense of territoriality and rights to inheritance, and thus the desire to pay tribute to ancestors. A visible manifestation of this aspiration may have been monumental tombs, also used to carry out religious ceremonies in their vicinity. In the 18th century, when this place was first recorded, the burial chambers were already in ruins.

Architecture

   The tomb was composed of two chambers, originally covered with a mound of earth or stones (cairn). It is not certain whether the chambers, a few meters apart, were part of the same structure. Descriptions from the mid-nineteenth century, however, state that at that time they were surrounded by a large number of small stones, which may indicate that they were once covered with one mound. The southern chamber is more complete, it has a crown in the form of a capstone about 4 by 3 meters, supported by three standing stones at the south end, and by one, more slender stone in the north. The northern chamber is significantly damaged. It consists of two stones at the northern end, which once supported, currently overturned, ceiling stone (capstone).

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bibliography:
Website archwilio.org.uk, Presaddfed Burial Chamber, Bodedern.
Website coflein.gov.uk, Presaddfed megalithic burial chambers.
Website stone-circles.org.uk, Presaddfed Neolithic Chambered Tombs.