The Cowbridge defense walls were erected at the beginning of the 14th century to protect the lordship of Glamorgan and facilitate the toll collection on market days twice a week. Their demolition began already in the eighteenth century.
Defensive walls originally marked the shape of a pentagon, were 7.7 meters high and crowned with battlement and a wide sidewalk for defenders. They were strengthened with an unknown number of towers. The corner tower, preserved to this day, has a cylindrical shape with a polygonal superstructure. Four gates led to the city: north, south, west and east. Partially preserved, the south was a gatehouse with one or two rooms above the passage and two flanking towers with staircases and additional rooms.
To this day, a large part of the southern part of the defensive circuit has been preserved, including a partially preserved southern gate and two towers. The surviving fragments of the wall are now much lower, reaching about 4 meters in height.
Website gatehouse-gazetteer.info, Cowbridge Town Walls.
Website wikipedia.org, Cowbridge town wall.