The church in Chirk was built in the 12th century, probably on the site of an earlier temple dedicated to Saint Tysilio. The earliest written records about the church come from 1163. Around 1475, the original Norman structure was rebuilt in the English perpendicular gothic style. Renovations and restorations began to be carried out at the beginning of the 19th century. The church was partially rebuilt after being destroyed by a fire in 1853, further restoration work was carried out in 1877.
The original Romanesque church was a simple, orientated building on a rectangular plan, consisting of one nave without a chancel separated externally. In the second half of the fifteenth century, the northern aisle was added and the four-sided tower adjacent to it from the west, reinforced at the corners with stepped buttresses. At that time, the windows were also transformed into larger, Gothic, closed with ogival arches, filled with three and four-light traceries, usually topped with trefoils and cinquefoils.
Salter M., The old parish churches of North Wales, Wolverhampton 1993.
Website chirk.com, The Parish Church of St Mary, Chirk.
Website cpat.org.uk,Church of St Mary, Chirk.