Žilina – church of St Stefan the king

History

The church was built in the first half of the 13th century. Shortly after completion of the construction, the interior of the chancel was decorated with wall paintings in the late romanesque style. The church decorations were made by the Dominicans from Klášt pod Znievom, who were there before 1250. The church served as a parish church for many more distant settlements. In the fifteenth century, a funeral chapel was built in the southern part of the church. Even after the Reformation the church remained Catholic. During this period, an open renaissance chapel was built next to the church. In the restless 17th century, the church was fortified with a perimeter wall. Probably in 1762, the Jesuits carried out extensive reconstruction, replacing the original wooden ceiling of the nave with a new vault. Unfortunately, also in this period the original romanesque windows were replaced by new ones. At the beginning of the 19th century, the church served as a military warehouse and was not repaired until 1849. At the end of the 1940s, murals in the corpus, apse and eastern part of the nave were discovered, prompting the church to be renovated. The paintings were restored in 1955-1956. Archaeological research carried out in 1995, revealed the foundations of the funeral chapel. In 2008 and 2009, research was carried out, and then the frescoes in the interior of the temple were renewed.

Architecture

The church was erected as a single-nave building with a rectangular chancel and a semicircular apse. In the fifteenth century, a funeral chapel was built in its southern part. Inside the temple you can admire valuable romanesque paintings. The oldest of them are in the apse, where false rib vaults were established.

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bibliography:
Website apsida.sk, Žilina-Rudiny.