Veľký Kamenec – castle

History

The castle was built at the end of the thirteenth or early fourteenth century. From 1288, it belonged to the Boks family. In 1323, after the division of the property, the castle and the village fell to the families of Soos and Seerdehely; Soos remained owners until 1672. In 1451, Kamenec was captured by the army of John Jiskra, and after seven years it was recaptured by soldiers of king Matthias Corvinus. In 1461, both opponents signed an end to the long-term war in Kamenec. At the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries, the castle was enlarged and rebuilt. Soos, who were opponents of the Habsburgs, joined the subsequent anti-Habsburg uprisings in the seventeenth century. For decades, their possessions were safe, because they were in the lands where the Habsburg authorities were either weak or did not reach at all. However, after detecting the plot of Vesselenyi’s palatine, most members of the family, including George Soos, lost their fortunes. The castle was demolished in 1672 from the imperial order.

Architecture

The original castle consisted of a tower with dimensions of 7.7 x 7.7 meters, a residential building and a circumference of walls with a thickness of 1.7 meters. It was similar in shape to the triangle, adapted in form to the terrain conditions of the rocky hill, with rounded corners. The road to it led from the north, where there were also small outer bailey. Not counting the eastern side, where protection was provided by terrain conditions, the castle was surrounded by a semicircular moat and an earth ramparts. At the turn of the fifteenth and sixteenth century, it was thoroughly rebuilt. In the southern corner, in the rocky part of the hill, a five-sided tower was located. It had thicker walls (2-2,4 meters), three battle levels and shooting holes adapted to fire arms. An additional semicircular tower was placed on the northern bailey.

Current state

Only fragments of the most solidly built objects remained from the castle. In the best condition is a half-open, pentagonal tower in the southern part of the ruins. Its walls have survived to a height of 5-7 meters, with arrowslits placed on three levels, perfectly visible from the outside. The second, clearly smaller tower was located in the northern part of the castle, its fragments being the second largest element of ruins. In addition, small parts of the peripheral defensive walls and a square keep are visible next to the larger tower. Entrance to the ruin is free.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Sypek A., Sypek.R., Zamki i obiekty warowne Słowacji Wschodniej, Warszawa 2005.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.