Svinica – St Anne’s Church

History

The romanesque church was erected in the middle of the 12th century on the edge of a medieval village in the place of an older cemetery, part of which was used to build church’s foundations. Perhaps in the last quarter of the 13th century, the church was rebuilt in the romanesque-gothic style. In the first half of the fourteenth century, the interior was decorated with murals. In the second half of the fourteenth century, a chapel was placed to the north wall of the nave. During this period, the original village was moved from the church area to the present, lower position. In the fifteenth century, the church underwent a wide late-gothic renovation, when the romanesque apse was replaced by a polygonal chancel. In addition, the tower was raised and modified for defense purposes, perhaps in the 16th century in relation with Turkish dangers. In the seventies of the last century, the church underwent a thorough reconstruction. The murals were restored in 1992-1993.

Architecture

The original building had a rectangular nave and a semicircular apse. In the 13th century, the nave was expanded westwards, where a massive tower was added, but only with two floors. It contained a brick matroneum, which opened on the first floor with two arches. In the second half of the fourteenth century, a chapel was placed to the north wall of the nave. In the fifteenth century, the romanesque apse was replaced with a polygonal, gothic chancel, and the tower was raised and adapted for defensive purposes. The interior of the church has preserved valuable frescos from the mid-fourteenth century in the Italian-Byzantine style.

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bibliography:
Website apsida.sk, Svinica.