Súľov – Castle Rohacz

History

The first mention of Súľov comes only from the fourteenth century, when king Charles I of Hungary handed the castle over to the castellan Elias, ancestor of the Súlov family, however, archaeological finds indicate that the surrounding rocks have been inhabited since the thirteenth century. Probably they served as a watchtower after the Mongol invasion in 1241. In 1440 took it for a short time Švitrigaila, the youngest brother of Władysław II Jagiełło, the king of Poland and Lithuania, during the fights for the Hungarian Crown with Władysław of Varna. In 1470 king Matthias Corvinus ordered Peter, the son of Elias Súlovski, to extend this watchtower to the size of the castle. Sulovs remained its owners, but after the end of the family there were fights between the heirs, during which in 1550 the castle burnt down. Eventually it fell to the Sirmensis family who rebuilt it. Due to the location, it was not suitable for expansion and did not have much military significance. Difficult access caused that already at the end of the sixteenth century, the Sirmensis moved to the palaces in Sulov and Hradna. The military crew was stationed in the castle until 1730, although in the early years of the century it was in very poor condition. Destruction was hastened by the earthquake in 1763, after which it was finally abandoned.

Architecture

The stronghold consisted of a older – lower and upper castle. The lower, located on the rock shelf on the north side, formed a defensive tower and a residential building, in whose walls up to now still are four window openings and several arrowslits. The upper castle was larger, this part was integrated into the rocks that formed a significant part of the walls. It consisted of a residential building and two towers. The height difference between the lowest and the highest part of the castle was 18 meters. The entrance to the castle was on the south-eastern side. In one of the rocks, a rainwater tank was carved.

Current state

Of a few buildings and a dozen rooms of the castle, only one vault, small fragments of walls and stairs carved in a narrow passage between the rocks, have been preserved to this day. Entrance to the ruin is free.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.