Sokoľ – castle

History

The castle was built in the 13th century, and its name, Falcon’s Castle, derives from the name of the village, in which the royal falconers lived, that is, a hunters raising and breeding birds for the rulers. Its location on the sidelines leads to the assumption that it served as a shelter for owners and local population, for example in the event of subsequent Mongol invasions. At the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries, it became the property of the Bebek family, but already in 1405 king Sigismund gave it the status of a royal stronghold. The castle disappeared in the first half of the fifteenth century, when the surrounding lands were granted to the town of Košice, under the condition of dismantling the castle’s fortifications.

Architecture

The castle was surrounded by a 7-meter deep ditch, which surrounded an elongated hill, 65 meters long and 25 meters wide, on which two circuits of defense walls were built, separating two inner courtyards. The eastern part, which can be considered as the lower ward, had an entrance gate, a four-sided residential building and a four-sided tower, which was a kind of a link with the upper ward. The upper western part was guarded with a cylindrical tower, probably with a function of a bergfried, and also had two residential buildings located at the northern and southern curtains. About 10-12 meters below the castle there was a 27 meter long cave, probably serving as a cellar.

Current state

The castle has not survived to modern times. Its existence is mainly evidenced by earth ramparts and ditches. Admission to its area is free.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.