Sivý Kameň – castle

History

The Sivý Kameň castle was built in the first half of the 14th century on the initiative of John, Bojnice castellan. It protected the royal estates in the Upper Nitra valley and the trade route running from Nitra to Turiec and further to Poland. On behalf of the king, the Bojnice castellans managed it since 1388, then it was in the possession of a few noble families. In 1434, it became the private property of the Majteniovski family. In 1524, the castle was partially destroyed by a fire, but it was rebuilt. In 1626, soldiers of Gabor Bethlen captured it and robbed. Since then, it was no longer inhabited, served only as a warehouse and a prison. At the beginning of the 18th century, Rakoczi’s army occupied it, and later castle served the local population as a free source of building materials.

Architecture

The small castle consisted of a residential house and square tower on its southern side, on the highest part of the rock. These two buildings were surrounded from the north and east by a defensive wall and two curtains placed below, between the rocks. In the east there was a small four-sided tower, and in the west there was a gate in the form of a simple portal in the wall, protected by a horseshoe tower on the north side. In the 16th century, the castle was enlarged by the addition of the outer ward on the western side. It had the shape of an oblong courtyard, on the one hand surrounded by a wall with a square tower, and the other protected by the older wall of the upper castle and the rocky terrain.

Current state

The castle has not survived to modern times, only small relics have survived, which have not been demolished.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.