Seňa – St Nicholas church

History

The romanesque church was built around the middle of the 13th century. The first written mention of the village is in the letter of king Bela IV from 1249. Around 1300, the sacristy was added to the northern wall of the temple. Also windows in the southern wall of the nave were changed to gothic ones. Smaller modifications of the building were made in the fifteenth century. During the Reformation, the church passed into the hands of the Calvinists, who rebuilt it in the 18th century. They removed, among others, a hexagonal, gothic sacristy. The building required another repair after a fire in 1828. Further modifications were also carried out in 1905 and 1956-1957. In 2004 and 2005, comprehensive research was carried out, that helped to explain the development of the building.

Architecture

The romanesque-gothic church was built as a single-nave building with a square chancel and a tower on the west side. The gothic reconstruction enriched the building of, unfortunately not preserved, hexagonal sacristy on the north side. From the first stage of construction, except for the perimeter walls of the nave and chancel, there are also windows in the southern wall of the nave, southern and western portal and the western matroneum. The latter is supported by two columns with an octagonal cross-section and topped by three fields of rib vault, based on consoles with floral motifs. Gothic windows are located in the nave (unfortunately transformed) and in the eastern wall of the chancel. The southern portal is an example of a cross between the romanesque and gothic styles, because its archivolt is already slightly curved into a pointed arch. The portal is decorated with two human masks on both sides. The lower one with marked hair bears a crown and probably represents the king of Hungary.

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bibliography:
Website apsida.sk, Seňa.