Šebeš – castle

History

   The castle was probably built after 1288 and before 1298, when Simon of Solivar gave the knight Sinkae, son of Tomáš, half of a large meadow in exchange for his war merits in the campaigns of King Andrew III. This meadow was supposed to lie between the Solivar Castle and the unnamed Sinka’s castle. In 1307, the documents for the first time mention the settlement near the castle, recorded during the exchange of property made by Omodej Aba and the knight Sinka, and in 1315 King Charles Robert of Hungary confirmed Sinka’s property together with the castle, then called Šebeš for the first time.
  
In the second half of the fourteenth century, the descendants of Sinka took the side of opponents of Sigismund of Luxembourg, thanks to which they lost the castle and property. It was not until Sibos Šebeš died in 1396 in the fight against the Turks, that the king showed his grace and returned the castle to the family. After the death of king Matthias Corvinus, the owners of the castle once again supported the unlucky side and assisted the Polish candidate John I Albert. During this period, Polish troops preparing to march to nearby Prešov, camped on the castle. For this reason, after the defeat of Albert, the new Hungarian king Ladislaus II handed over Šebeš to the town of Košice. In the sixteenth century, as a result of bourgeois disputes with Prešov, the castle was twice, in 1528 and 1537, seized and seriously damaged (according to other publications, this happened in 1550). The king punished the townsmen of Prešov, but the castle was never rebuilt and fell into disrepair.

Architecture

   The castle was built on an elongated and very narrow, rocky ridge, which did not leave much space for buildings and complicated the access road. On the eastern side, the ridge was cut by a wide ditch, 5.5 to 13 meters deep, in front of which the castle’s economic ward was probably located. The core of the castle was built on an oval plan with a length of about 40 and a width of 7-8 meters. In the western part there was a main, quadrangular residential building measuring 9×7 meters, and on the eastern side a round tower with a diameter of 5 meters and a wall thickness of about 1.5 meters. Both parts were connected by a defensive wall separating a small, narrow courtyard. The entrance to the castle was possible from the south on a slight bulge, from where a narrow path between the wall and the escarpment reached the ditch, over which a timber bridge was placed.

Current state

   The castle has not survived to the present day, only the relics of the walls and the foundations of the round tower, on which the lookout point has been arranged, are visible. It takes about 15 to 20 minutes to get to the top of the hill from the village of Podhradík.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Stredoveké hrady na Slovensku. Život, kultúra, spoločnosť, red. D.Dvořáková, Bratislava 2017.

Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.