Šebeš – castle

History

The village of Šebeš appeared in documents for the first time in 1307 during the exchange of property, made by Amade Aba and knight Sinka. The castle was probably founded shortly after this event, as already in 1315 king Charles I of Hungary confirmed to Sinka his property and the castle. In the second half of the fourteenth century, the descendants of Sinka took the side of opponents of Sigismund of Luxembourg, thanks to which they lost the castle and property. It was not until Sibos Šebeš died in 1396 in the fight against the Turks, that the king showed his grace and returned the castle to the family. After the death of king Matthias Corvinus, the owners of the castle once again supported the unlucky side and assisted the Polish candidate John I Albert. During this period, Polish troops preparing to march to nearby Prešov, camped on the castle. For this reason, after the defeat of Albert, the new Hungarian king Ladislaus II handed over Šebeš to the town of Košice. In the sixteenth century, as a result of bourgeois disputes with Prešov, the castle was twice, in 1528 and 1537, seized and seriously damaged. The king punished the townsmen of Prešov, but the castle was never rebuilt and fell into disrepair.

Architecture

The castle was erected on an oval plan with a length of about 40 meters and a width of 7-8 meters. In the western part there was a main, four-sided residential building with dimensions of 9×6 meters, and on the east side a round tower with a diameter of 5 meters and wall thickness of about 1.5 meters. Both parts were connected by a defensive wall, separating a small, narrow, inner courtyard. The entrance to the castle was possible only from the south, through the moat over which the timber bridge was moved.

Current state

The castle has not survived to the present day, only the relics of the walls and the foundations of the round tower, on which the lookout point has been arranged, are visible. It takes about 15 to 20 minutes to get to the top of the hill from the village of Podhradík.

show this monument on map

return to alphabetical index

bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.