Rybník nad Turcom – Holy Cross church

History

   The first church in Rybník was mentioned in written documents in 1266 along with the adjoining settlement of Sancta Crux (Holy Cross). Probably it was destroyed during one of the Mongol raids. The construction of the present building was begun in the first half of the 14th century, when the call was also changed to the Saint Benedict. In the second half of the fourteenth century, the interior of the church was decorated with wall paintings. In the 17th century, the building was renovated in the renaissance style, after the devastations inflicted by the Turkish troops, and then in the eighteenth century transformed in the baroque style, but these were only minor interventions, that did not interfere with the gothic character of the building. In 1747, a thunderbolt hit the temple and caused a fire. In 1750 the church was restored and also received new equipment. In 1908 it was closed and then renovated in 1922. Due to the small number of congregation in the village, the church ceased to be used for liturgical purposes about 40 years ago. In order to save it from destruction, the initiative was initiated on the website www.evanjelik.sk and a complete renovation of the building began in 2008.

Architecture

   The church is an early gothic structure, one nave with a square chancel in the east and a sacristy on the north side. On the southern and eastern walls of the presbytery and in the sacristy there are original early gothic windows, very narrow, pointed, their width resembles romanesque windows. In the southern wall of the nave a gothic, pointed portal has been preserved, and the next one leads from the presbytery to the sacristy. The inside of the nave was covered with a flat, wooden beam ceiling, which was slightly higher than the current one, while the presbytery has been vaulted. In the chancel there are valuable gothic frescoes from the end of the 14th century. The author was probably the student of the master from Koceľovec.

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bibliography:
Botek A., Erdélyi R.,  Šurin M., Výsledky výskumu stredovekého ev. a.v. kostola v Rybníku [w:] Najnovšie poznatky z výskumov stredovekých pamiatok na Gotickej ceste – Zborník Gotická cesta 2/2016, Bratislava 2018.

Website apsida.sk, Rybník nad Turcom.