Revište – castle

History

   Revište was mentioned for the first time in 1228, when it got to zupan Leustach’s estate It is believed that the castle was built by one of his descendants shortly after the mid-13th century. Together with nearby Šašov, it protected the road running along the Hron River and protected access to the gold-bearing areas of the Štiavnica Mountains. The history of both castles has been interwoven many times, their fate meant the same events and the same people ruled them.
    In 1331 Revište was in royal hands. It was not until 1391 that king Sigismund of Luxembourg granted it to Ladislav from the Šárovce family, an ancestor of the Levic family. In 1447, the castle was captured by the army of Jan Jiskra, and later after several changes of owners, by virtue of an agreement with Matthias Corvinus, it became a private property of the king.
After his death, at the end of the fifteenth century, the widow Beatrice Aragonese gave the Revište castle to the Dócze family, who ruled it and nearby Sasov until 1647. After the extinction of Dócze, the castle became an imperial property, managed by the mining chamber in Banská Štiavnica. During the Thókóly’s uprising, it was captured without a fight by the rebels who plundered it and then burnt it. At the end of the next Hungarian uprising, in 1708, the imperial army blew the castle into the air. Unlike Sasov, the castle of Revište was rebuilt and for some time it housed the apartments of mining officials. In 1792 it was finally abandoned and since then it is in ruin.

Architecture

   The castle was erected on a longitudinal rocky ridge between the river Hron and the stream. Initially, it consisted of a square residential tower on the north side, measuring 8 x 9 meters and a small and narrow courtyard marked by defensive walls about 50 meters long. The entrance to the castle led from the south, and in the courtyard from the very beginning there was a rainwater tank carved in the rock. Located in the southern part of the perimeter, the residential building was built a bit later, but still in the Middle Ages.
   At the end of the Middle Ages, the castle’s buildings grew by a square tower in the middle of the courtyard and the foregate on the south-eastern side. Probably in the fifteenth century, the cylindrical tower protecting the entrance was added to the latter. To the northwest of the residential house there was still a narrow, elongated courtyard, which defensive walls were approaching each other and ended with the aforementioned square residential tower, towering above the gates of the lower castle. During the late gothic expansion, this narrow part of the courtyard was filled with a new residential building.
   The road to the castle led from the north, where the slope was milder. To enter the walls of the outer ward, since the sixteenth century, two gates had to be crossed. Outer ward stretched on the southern and western sides. It was protected by defensive walls with two levels of shooting holes. During this period, the main tower was also raised and the courtyard of the upper castle was built with subsequent residential wings. A large bay window has been placed at the western wall of the central tower, integrated into the new building.

Current state

   The remains of the lower castle are modest and are limited to destroyed external defensive walls. Only the lower parts of the walls remained from the upper castle’s residential building. The cylindrical tower, which once had two floors, looks a little better. The square western tower and sections of the walls in its vicinity constitute the largest fragment of the ruins, and because they stand highest, they are also best visible from a greater distance. Recently, renovation and reconstruction works have been carried out at the castle. Entrance to the ruin is free.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.