Revište – castle

History

The Revište castle was mentioned for the first time in 1265, it was probably built several years earlier. Together with nearby Sasov, it protected the road running along Hron and defended access to the gold-bearing areas of the Szczawnicka Mountains. The history of both castles has been interwoven many times, their fate meant the same events, the same people had them. In 1447 they were captured by the army of John Jiskra, and later, by agreement with Matthias Corvinus, they became the private property of the king. After his death, at the end of the fifteenth century, the widow Beatrice Aragonese gave the castle of Revište to the Dócze family, who ruled it and nearby Sasov until 1647. After the extinction of Dócze, the castle became an imperial property, managed by the mining chamber in Banská Štiavnica. During the Thókóly’s uprising, it was captured without a fight by the rebels who plundered it and then burnt it. At the end of the next Hungarian uprising, in 1708, the imperial army blew the castle into the air. Unlike Sasov, the castle of Revište was rebuilt and for some time it housed the apartments of mining officials. In 1792 it was finally abandoned and since then it is in ruin.

Architecture

The castle was erected on a longitudinal rocky ridge between the river and the stream. Initially it consisted a square tower measuring 8 x 9 meters on the north side, a small courtyard and a residential building on the south side. At the end of the Middle Ages, the castle expanded into a square tower in the middle of the courtyard and the foregate on the south-eastern side. Probably in the 16th century, another cylindrical tower was added next to it. To the northwest of the house, there was a narrow, elongated courtyard. The defensive walls that closed it were close to each other and ended with already mentioned square tower, towering above the gates of the lower castle. The road to the castle led from the north, where the slope is milder. To enter the walls, two gates had to be crossed. The lower ward stretched on the southern and eastern sides.

Current state

The remains of the lower castle are modest and are limited to destroyed external defensive walls. Only the lower parts of the walls remained from the upper castle’s residential building. The cylindrical tower, which once had two floors, looks a little better. The square western tower and sections of the walls in its vicinity constitute the largest fragment of the ruins, and because they stand highest, they are also best visible from a greater distance. Recently, renovation and reconstruction works have been carried out at the castle. Entrance to the ruin is free.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.