Radvaň – church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary

History

   The church was built in the second half of the 13th century. Due to its favorable location, the building served defensive purposes and became a pilgrimage site, which in the next century required expansion. In the fourteenth century, the chancel was extended, and another expansion took place at the beginning of the sixteenth century, when a late-gothic chapel at the northern wall of the nave was built. Soon afterwards, the annex was added to the chapel from the west and the corpus was enlarged with an additional south aisle, accessible through the new southern portal.
  
In 1581, the building became the property of Evangelicals, while in the early eighteenth century it was taken over by Catholics. In 1668, several important works were carried out: the flat ceiling was replaced with a transverse groin vault supported by two central pillars, and the church tower was completed, which was part of the fortifications along with the nearby bastions. They were largely demolished after 1713, when the cemetery was expanded. At the beginning of the 20th century, the neo-gothic reconstruction of the temple took place, which led to a change in its orientation. The church became a late-gothic chapel, and the original chancel was turned into a side chapel.

Architecture

   Originally, the church was an early gothic single-nave construction with a square chancel. After the gothic reconstruction from the fourteenth century, its chancel was extended and ended polygonal. It was reinforced with high buttresses, between which large, pointed windows were placed. From the 16th century, the church became a two-nave temple, enlarged except for the southern aisle with a late-gothic, northern chapel.
  
In the church and its interior there are many valuable gothic and late gothic elements. Pointed windows with tracery, two medieval, unusual windows with a rectangular shape, and vaults in the chancel and the northern chapel. You can also see two pastophors, the older of which dates back to the 14th century.

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bibliography:
Website apsida.sk, Radvaň.