Poruba – St Nicholas Church

History

The church was built in the first half of the fourteenth century or perhaps at the turn of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. At the beginning of the 15th century, the building was renovated and decorated with frescoes, preserved to this day. In the mid-seventeenth century it was modified, when the nave received a painted ceiling. In 1660, the building was taken over by Protestants who added wooden galleries to it. In the past century, before the west entrance to the tower, a porch was added. In the years 1997-1998, the entire church was renovated, which led to the discovery of yet unknown wall paintings in the nave. Until 2009, a comprehensive renovation took place, including the renovation of frescoes, a wooden ceiling and several architectural details.

Architecture

   The situated on a hill church was built as a single-nave structure with a square chancel on the eastern side, a western four-sided tower and a sacristy on the north side. The façades of the church were pierced with pointed, originally rather narrow windows. Of these, the eastern window of the presbytery was distinguished by its two-light tracery topped with a trefoil clover. The walls of the church were not reinforced with buttresses, despite the establishment of a vault in the presbytery, the small space of which with thick walls was considered stable enough to support the vault.
   Inside the presbytery, the nave was separated by a Gothic pointed chancel arcade, although the chancel itself was covered with a barrel vault, which was somewhat archaic at the time of its construction. The nave was covered with a flat wooden ceiling or an open roof truss.
   The internal façades of the church were covered with wall polychromes, in the presbytery they also decorate the vault. These paintings were an example of an interesting interweaving of the older trend of Gemer region wall painting, inspired by the influences of Italian schools, with the newer Gothic style from Western Europe and with the first Renaissance influences.

Current state

   The restored church, despite a few early modern additions (west porch, tower helmet, few transformed windows), is today a valuable example of a small Gothic building. Its most remarkable medieval monument are wall paintings from the 15th century, preserved mainly in the chancel and on the sides of the chancel arch, and to a lesser extent on the northern and southern walls of the nave, carefully restored in the last few years. The painted ceiling of the nave is a late Renaissance monument from 1658.

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bibliografia:
Website apsida.sk, Poruba.