Plešivec – St George’s Church


   The ancestral church at the seat of estate was built by the Bebekov family in the first half of the fourteenth century, probably in the place of an older temple, which was established in the thirteenth century at the latest. In the mid-fourteenth century, the interior of the temple was decorated with frescoes. Probably in the first quarter of the fifteenth century, a late-gothic chapel was built from the north.
In 1558, the church and village were burnt by the Turks. In addition to the destroyed roof, the walls of the nave of the temple suffered greatly. In 1617, the destroyed building restored Calvinist’s. The nave of the church was shortened from the west, and the new flat ceiling replaced the destroyed gothic vaults. Two new windows also appeared in the nave, and more on the wall of the chancel. Further repairs were made in the 18th century. In 1713, the church received a new roof, and in 1744, a wooden matroneum was restored in the chancel. In this century, the appearance of all windows was also unified, which led to the transformation of the oldest ones.
In 1861, next to the interior repairs, the first study focused on the gothic frescoes of the church. The first professional restaurant took place under the direction of Hungarian experts in 1939. Archaeological research was carried out and the floor in the chapel was reduced to the level of the original medieval pavement made of cubic bricks. Also, the entrance from the nave to the chapel was reopened by the gothic portal. In 1977, new research took place, the effect of which is, inter alia, the discovery and restoration of two high-quality frescoes on the southern wall of the chancel. The probes also confirmed the fresco decoration throughout the presbytery and partly in the nave. In 2009, the church was completely renovated.


   The church is a single-nave, gothic building with a polygonal chancel and a chapel on the north side. Currently, the length of the nave is 19 meters, but archaeological research showed that it was originally 11.5 meters longer than today, because the nave has been shortened, and the surrounding area has increased by more than a meter. Before 1558, the arrowslits were pierced in the chancel walls (later walled up), so the church was also used for military purposes.
    The interior of the presbytery is decorated with frescos, being a high-quality work of at least two Italian masters. The gothic portal through which the chapel enters to the nave is especially valuable. Stylically similar to the portals of the nearby cathedral in Košice. According to the views of some experts, it was originally the main western portal to the nave, but when the church was rebuilt after burning in 1558, it was moved to the current location.

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