The border castle was built by the knight Deprecht (Detrich) in the second half of the 13th century. He probably built it on the royal command, as soon the stronghold returned to the Crown. Castle was mentioned for the first time in 1274, when it was besieged by the Czech army of Ottokar II. At the beginning of the 14th century, the castle was attacked unexpectedly and captured by Matthew Csák’s army. The stronghold returned to the hands of the king after the magnate’s death in 1321. In 1398 it became a part of the estate of Stibor of Stiboricz. During his time, it was rebuilt and achieved considerable dimensions. After the death of Stibor, the owners were Svätýjurs, and after the extinction of this family in the mid-sixteenth century, the castle and property became the estate of the Fuggers, who began the renaissance reconstruction of the stronghold. In 1634, the castle passed into the hands of the Palffy family and served only as a military facility, because the new owners lived in the palace in Malacki. During the uprising of Francis Rakoczi, castle was taken over by the Hungarian army, and in 1706 heavily damaged, as a result of the Austrian siege. Due to damages, it was abandoned and it was not repaired anymore.
The oldest part of the castle consisted of a square tower on the south side and a residential building surrounded by a defensive wall. The tower had sides of 10 meters long and wall thickness of up to 2.5 meters. The remnants of the fireplace found in it and quite a large internal space of 5×5 meters, indicate that it also had a residential function. Soon after, in the eastern part, next to the entrance gate, another four-sided tower was added. The then castle until the mid-fourteenth century covered only the eastern part of today’s site and was perfectly integrated into the highest rock group.
At the beginning of the 15th century, in the times of Stibor of Stiboricz, a new, representative palace on the north side was erected and two new outer wards were added: west and south. The defensive walls were equipped with arrowslits. An interesting solution was to dig a tunnel in rock with an outlet in a cave, below the castle. In the middle of the 16th century, a large cannon tower was built on the east side of the castle and the another one on the upper ward. Quadrilateral tower and foregate with a small cylindrical tower protected a new entry road on the south-west side.
The entrance to the courtyards of the lower ward leads through the renaissance gatehouse, preserved along with part of the foregate walls. In the lower ward the most characteristic are preserved two cannon towers: lower, outer and inner, called Fugger Tower. Within the lower ward, the majority of defensive walls have also been preserved. In the upper ward the highest elements are the relics of two main towers. Fragments of defensive walls and smaller elements of other buildings have survived. Entrance to the ruin is free.
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.