Pajštún – castle

History

Pajštún castle was built at the end of the 13th century as part of a defense system along the Czech-Hungarian border. Initially, it belonged to the royal domain, at the beginning of the next century, it got into the hands of the nobleman Matthew Csák, and after his death in 1321 it returned to the king. In 1390, the Svätýjur family became its owners, which remained in the castle until the family expired in 1526. In 1590, the Palffy family became the owner of the stronghold, which expanded the castle of a early modern system of fortifications. The castle became mainly a defensive building, and served as a residence for a short time. It was kept until 1810, when the Napoleonic army destroyed it.

Architecture

The original medieval castle was a small complex embedded in the rocks. The course of the defensive walls was matched closely to the edge of the hill, which secured it from three sides and allowed the only entry road from the north – west. This area was additionally protected by a ditch. There is no evidence that the castle had a tower, be it bergfried or residential one. In the 16th century, new defensive walls and a cannon tower defending the road to the castle were erected. The entrance gate was located on the south side of the square gatehouse. On the west side there was a lower castle.

Current state

To this day, the front wall and fragments of side walls of the gatehouse, a cannon tower, as well as external defensive walls have been preserved. Only small, loose fragments remained from the upper castle. The most interesting are stone corbels of balconies, decorated with mascarons. Entrance to the castle is free.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.