Modra – St John’s church

History

The church was probably built around the middle of the 13th century in the center of a Slavic settlement. In the fourteenth century, the building underwent several transformations, which largely concealed its original early gothic form. In the mid-sixteenth century, the western tower was destroyed. During the Reformation, the temple was taken over by Protestants, who at the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries, in the western part of the nave, built a brick matroneum and porch from the west side entrance. Catholics recovered the church in 1635. In 1763, the presbytery and windows were rebuilt, and a new sacristy was placed on the south side of the presbytery. Small modifications were carried out in the 19th and 20th centuries. In 2011, the renovation of the building began, which explained its architectural development and brought the discovery of medieval frescoes.

Architecture

The church was created as a relatively large single-nave building with a polygonal chancel and a sacristy on the north side. In the last quarter of the fourteenth century, the western side of the nave was removed, and its space extended by about two-thirds to the west. A tower was erected on the west façade, the foundations of which were about 3 meters long. At the same time, the perimeter walls of the nave have increased by about 150 cm. The narrow, early gothic windows were replaced with much larger gothic pointed windows. At that time, the original south entrance to the nave was bricked up and its function was taken over by a portal located approximately in the center of the extended corpus. The interior was decorated with murals, which were probably removed during the reconstruction of the church in 1561.

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bibliography:
Website apsida.sk, Modra.