Medzianky – castle

History

   The castle was built before the mid-thirteenth century in a strategically important place, allowing control of the road running west under it, towards the Prešov Basin and the main road leading north to Bardejov and further through the Carpathians to Poland. It was in visual contact with the Šariš Castle and Kapušany stronghold, which inclines to include it in the defense of the medieval northern border of the Hungarian kingdom, and thus the royal foundation. The castle was never a knights family seat or a center of local estates, therefore it never had an economic outer bailey. In the mid-15th century, the abandoned building was used for a short time by Bratrzyk, post-Hussite rebels, but due to the lack of space for the entire army, they had to erect wooden and earth fortifications near Chmeľov. After leaving the castle fell into total ruin and disappeared.

Architecture

   The castle was founded on a rocky promontory of not very high hill, which slopes provided defense from the east. In other directions, a semi-circular ditch with a width of 15-20 meters was dug and partly carved in the rock. In the plan, the castle had a rectangular shape with dimensions of 36 x 13-15 meters defined by a perimeter of strong defensive walls with a thickness of 2-2.7 meters. In the northern corner there was a four-sided tower measuring 8.5 x 8 meters, while the entire south-eastern part of the castle was a residential building (14 x 11.6 meters). Its very thick perimeter walls (2.7 x 3.3 meters) indicate that it could have the form of a residential tower. The ground floor of the building was accessible from the portal from the level of the courtyard, where a water tank was carved in the rock 6-meter deep. Its cylindrical form had a diameter of 2.8 meters, and the surface was covered with mortar. The north tower was not a bergfried, but a gate tower, because in its basement an access road to the courtyard was led. On its floor was a portal accessible either by wooden stairs or a ladder, or by a footbridge from the crown of the perimeter wall. A characteristic feature of the castle was the lack of an outer bailey.

Current state
 

   The castle has not survived to modern times. Only the foundation parts of the perimeter walls and buildings are visible, made clear during archaeological and restoration works. Admission to their area is free.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.