Liptov – castle

History

The castle was built on the order of the Hungarian king Bela IV on the site of an older, abandoned settlement from the 1st century BC, probably shortly after the great Mongol invasion of 1241-1242. It was first mentioned in writing in 1262. It guarded the western part of the Liptov Basin, including a busy trade route running through the Sesterska Valley to Orava and further to Poland. It was ruled by a powerful Upper Hungary nobleman, Matthew Csák, and later by the zupan of Zvolen, Doncz. From 1340, it was the seat of Liptov zupans. During the 13th and 14th centuries it was destroyed and rebuilt many times. In the years 1431-1434 it was in the possession of the Hussite troops. Destroyed in 1447 as a nest of knights-robbers, from 1454 it remained in the possession of Pongrác, who rebuilt the residential part of the complex, and the castle itself strengthened by a curtain wall. After him from 1459, the castle was ruled by the Polish magnate Piotr Komorowski, who favored the Jagiellonians in their attempts to win the Hungarian throne. After an unsuccessful expedition of the young Casimir Jagiellon to the Hungarian crown in 1471, Matthias Corvinus forced Komorowski to give away the castle, which in 1474 he ordered to burn and demolish.

Architecture

The castle stood on a rocky hill, with two sides peeling off vertical rock walls, and with two very steep slopes falling down. Placed at an altitude of 1000 meters above sea-level, it was the highest located castle in the present Slovakia. The original site consisted of a residential and defense tower, a residential building and a square tower at the entrance gate from the west. Sometimes the existence of the northern tower is questioned, and this part is considered as a separate room of a residential building. The walls on the north-west side had an uncommon thickness of up to 4 meters. At the end of the fourteenth century, the eastern fortified outer ward was created, reinforced with a four-sided corner tower, although probably earlier this part was protected by wood and earth fortificationsIn this place the entrance road to the upper castle turned and led to the courtyard of the middle castle through a ditch carved into the rock and by a timber bridge over it. In the fifteenth century, a wall was built in the lower, eastern part of the castle.

Current state

Only the foundations and small relics of the castle remained at the top of the hill. Admission to the castle area is free.

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bibliografia:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.