Lednica – castle

History

The Lednica castle was built in the middle of the 13th century to protect the border areas of the Kingdom of Hungary. For the first time, it was indirectly mentioned in 1259, when Marek from Lednice appeared. Initially it was a royal property, but in the fourteenth century passed into private hands and repeatedly changed owners, including knights who loot the surrounding area. In the years 1432-1434 it was in the hands of the Hussites, and in the second half of the sixteenth century, it was taken over by rebels. After suppressing their movement, castle was recovered by the Podmanic family. The two last representatives of this family, brothers John and Rafael, were bandits condemned to death, but ultimately were pardoned thanks to the support given to the Habsburgs during the civil war. One of the subsequent owners, Michael Telekessy, was less fortunate and was hanged in 1601 for robberies and rapes. In 1616, the castle was taken over by George Rakoczi, who enlarged the stronghold by adding a outer bailey. During the conquest of the imperial army, over the uprising of Francis II Rakoczi, the castle suffered serious damages. Although rebuilt in 1746, a few years later it was abandoned and fell into disrepair.

Architecture

The stronghold consisted of an upper castle, an observation tower on a high rock and the youngest outer ward. It was surrounded by a defensive wall, and in the courtyard there were timber residential buildings of the crew, a forge, a coach house and stables. The entrance to the main castle led through a 10-meter long and 1.3-meter wide, rock-cut tunnel, additionally protected by a horseshoe tower on the outer ward. The passage led to the inner courtyard on which the east side was the main residential house of the castle. The residential building also stood on the west side of the courtyard and the whole was connected by a defensive wall of 2 meters thick. The oldest element of the castle was a small tower measuring 5 x 6 meters, placed above the tunnel. In the fifteenth century, the eastern house was enlarged, occupying a large part of the inner courtyard and two two avant-corps were created, one from the north and one from the east. The eastern one, elder, was supported on a rock on the pillar. Main house was also, along with the western house crowned with barrel vaults. On the top of the rock stood another observation tower led by 80 steps carved in the rock. In the second half of the fifteenth century, rounded foregate was built in front of the entry to the tunnel.

Current state

The castle has been preserved in a state of ruin with a clear spatial layout. After completion of renovation and rescue works in recent years, it has been made available for sightseeing. The castle gates are open on working days from 8:00 am to 2:00 pm, on weekends and public holidays from 13:00 to 18:00. The visit season ends on October 29. In the case of rainy weather, the castle is also closed to visitors.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.