Kysak – castle

History

The Kysak Castle was also called Drienov, from the name of the knight Peter Drienov from the mighty family of Aba, who at the end of the 13th century was in possession of the surrounding lands. In 1283, he divided the property between his five sons, the oldest of whom, George, received the village of Kysak. He fought in the 80s of the thirteenth century against Cumans and Tatars and perhaps because of the desire to protect the lands from the invaders, he raised the castle Kysak. Already in the first half of the fifteenth century, the branch of the descendants of George’s family died away, and the property was taken over by the neighbors from Žehna. Kysak was on the border of their estate, so they did not look after it, and eventually at the beginning of the 16th century the castle was abandoned.

Architecture

The castle had a very elongated, up to 62 meters long, shape, adapted to the ridge of the hill on which it was erected. The width of the castle only ranged between 9 and 12.5 meters. On the western edge a cylindrical tower (bergfried) with a diameter of 7.5 meters was erected, more or less in the central part a small building with a basement and another building and four-sided tower in the eastern part of the castle. Tower flanked the nearby gate, to which a timber bridge was led, over the dry moat (ditch). Behind the bridge there was a small outer ward, surrounded by a defensive wall, with a shape similar to a triangle. The whole castle was surrounded by two transversal ditches, the larger of which, north-eastern, had a width of 18 meters and a rocky bottom at a depth of 10 meters from the edge of the castle hill. In addition, the western part of the castle was surrounded by a defensive wall, running along the entry road, that surrounded the stronghold from the south to the north-east, where there had to be an entry to the outer ward.

Current state

The castle has not survived to modern times. Traces of it are limited to the relics of the wall of a residential building and the hollow where the cylindrical tower was. You can reach the top of the hill with an unmarked, forest road from the village in about 30-40 minutes.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.