Križovany nad Dudváhom – Holy Cross rotunda

History

Rotunda of the Holy Cross was built in the first half of the 13th century, and its call gave the name of the whole village. In the gothic period, the windows along the sides of the southern portal were enlarged to improve the interior lighting. During the Tököl uprising in 1678-1687, the rotunda was occupied by the insurgents and transformed into a stable for horses. During the baroque period, in the years 1760-1780, a new church was built into the rotunda. In 1937, the baroque temple was pulled down to provide room for a larger one. Also, the rotunda was to be destroyed, fortunately the State Office for the Protection of Monuments in Slovakia stopped these activities. The romanesque rotunda was thus included in the new three-story building as a side chapel. In 1967, artistic and historical research began, after which original medieval elements were discovered.

Architecture

Rotunda is a very good example of romanesque architecture, thanks to harmonious proportions, which were not disturbed by later buildings and superstructures. It consists of a cylindrical nave and horseshoe apse. It belongs to smaller constructions of this type, naves diameter is 540 cm, and the apse is 340 cm. The walls have a thickness of about 1 meter. The apse is illuminated with original romanesque windows of small dimensions, the nave was illuminated with two gothic windows on the sides of the southern portal. The interior of the nave is vaulted in the gothic tradition by a six-field, rib vault.

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bibliography:
Website apsida.sk, Križovany nad Dudváhom.
Website krizovany.sk, Rotunda sv. kríža.