Kapušany – castle

History

   Originally, on the castle hill there was a Slavic hillfort, and then at the end of the 13th century a small knight’s castle, then called Maglovec, belonging to Henryk Tarcay. He was a supporter of the magnate Matthew Csák, who was conflicted with the king, therefore in 1312, the royal army captured and destroyed its seat. In 1350, Louis I gave the former castle estate to Peter Poharos, and Sigismund of Luxembourg granted his consent for the construction of a new stronghold in 1410, when it turned out that the Polish-Hungarian border could be restless.
  
In 1468, the owners of Kapušany, the Kappy family, joined the unsuccessful plot against Matthias Corvinus. The castle was attacked, but the siege turned out to be ineffective, partly thanks to the Polish garrison stationed in the stronghold. In the 16th century, during the civil war, the castle was in the hands of the Zapolya army. In 1537, it was conquered by the Habsburg troops. Even in the sixteenth century, it was renovated and strengthened in relation with the Turkish threat, but in 1686 it was captured by anti-Habsburg rebels and immediately recaptured by the Austrian army. In 1709, during the great anti-Habsburg uprising, it was besieged by the insurgents of Telekessy. The defending zupan of Šariš decided to surrender, and the insurgents burnt the stronghold. From that moment, the castle remained in ruins.

Architecture

   In the fifteenth century the upper castle had a rectangular shape with dimensions of 35 x 20 meters with a residential house and two square towers on the sides. In front of them stretched the courtyard closed by a defensive wall. Later, two more buildings were added on it. The main residential house had three floors, the towers were higher by one level. In the 16th century, the stronghold was enlarged by a outer bailey. In parallel to the northern wall of the upper castle, a long, straight wall was built, ending with an entrance gate in the north-east part. The second wing of the ward was running through a semicircular wall from the gate to the upper castle. The entrance gate was protected by a protruding, square gate tower. In the courtyard, outbuildings were erected along the arched wall.

Current state

   Until today, it has survived the main residential house up to the second floor, and in a similar state, square west tower. Unfortunately, the upper storeys of the eastern tower have not survived. In good condition are the defensive walls of the upper castle and the outer baily.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Sypek A., Sypek.R., Zamki i obiekty warowne Słowacji Wschodniej, Warszawa 2005.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.