Kalinčiakovo – St Anne’s Church

History

   St. Anna was built in the first half of the 12th century, by the old road connecting the royal and later archbishop’s residence in Esztergom with Starý Tekov. The first mention of the settlement of Kalinčiakovo is from 1290, while the local priest was mentioned in the list of papal tithes from 1332-1337, according to which the parish belonged to the richer ones.
   In 1655, the church passed into the hands of Calvinists, who added a small wooden tower (later replaced with a brick one), and in 1682 they replaced the ceiling. Around 1830, the building fell into decline due to a leaking roof. The losses were increased two years later by a fire, after which a renovation was carried out in the 1830s. During it, the outer walls of the nave and apse were reinforced with buttresses, the ceiling, roof truss and roof were replaced. In 1932, during renovation works due to problems with the statics of the building, Romanesque windows and a portal were discovered, early modern plasters were removed and a high-quality Romanesque wall was uncovered. Reconstruction work was also carried out in 1956 and most recently in 2003.

Architecture

   The Romanesque church was erected on a hill on the bank of the Sikenica River. It was built on a rectangular plan with a semicircular apse on the eastern side. The church was decorated with Romanesque friezes and pilaster strips. Two Romanesque portals led to its interior: northern and southern. The southern one had a very simple, four-sided form with a semicircular tympanum marked by voussoirs. The original windows of the church were very small and narrow, splayed from two sides. Two illuminated the apse, one nave from the north, and three from the south, while the south-west, illuminating the gallery, was only a small slit.
   In the middle of the nave there was a gallery placed in the form of a tribune, supported by a massive central pillar and two semicircular arcades. The stairs leading to it were in a vaulted passgae, pierced in the thickness of the western wall of the nave. The matroneum was not vaulted, but, like the nave, it had a flat wooden ceiling. This simple layout was enhanced by the support of both arcades by free-standing, cylindrical columns.

Current state

   The church in Kalinčiakovo is one of the most famous Romanesque monuments in Slovakia, despite the early modern transformations that collide with the medieval shape from the outside (massive buttresses, west tower) and significant losses of original architectural details caused by years of neglect, reconstructions or damages and problems with the statics of the building. The pride of the church is the Romanesque gallery located inside the nave.

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bibliography:
Mencl V., Stredoveká architektúra na Slovensku, Praha 1937.
Tomaszewski A., Romańskie kościoły z emporami zachodnimi na obszarze Polski, Czech i Węgier, Wrocław 1974.

Website apsida.sk, Kalinčiakovo.