Jasenov – castle

History

The castle was built at the turn of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries by Piotr Petenyi, but was taken away from him because of disloyalty to king Charles I of Hungary. Together with the castle in Brekov, the stronghold guarded the route to Poland. After 1321, the Drugeth family received it, which ruled it until the destruction. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the castle was expanded and strengthened. Subsequent upgrades in the form of bastions, were added in the seventeenth century. In 1644 it was besieged by the army of George I Rákóczi fighting against the Habsburg followers. It was conquered and destroyed, it was never rebuilt again. It was not until the end of the 19th century that the ruins were secured.

Architecture

The original castle had triangular plan. It consisted a defensive wall and a rectangular tower in the western corner. In the oldest phase, tower served a residential function and at the same time flanked the entrance gate to the courtyard. During the late medieval extension, a residential building was added to the north corner of the walls, and the entrance to the castle was secured by a form of a semicircular tower connected to the foregate. At the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries it was erected the second ring of walls with two cannon towers on the west side. The larger one was placed below the square tower, and the smaller one below the older round, corner cannon tower. Next to these towers was the entrance to the castle, running along the south curtain of the walls, up to the south-eastern corner.

Current state

The castle has been preserved in the form of a ruin. Cannon towers and a square tower in the oldest part of the fortress survived in the best condition. Perimeter walls are also well preserved. In the inner walls you can see numerous window openings, arrowslits, portals and crossings between rooms. The vegetation that has been growing in the castle, has been recently removed and restoration works started.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.