Hanigovce – New Castle

History

The surrounding lands belonged initially to the owners of the Šariš castle. In 1322, the local nobleman Mičko, received a separate area from king Charles I of Hungary and erected a small timber castle. When king Louis I confirmed this grant, son of Mičko, Loran rebuilt in 1342 the castle on a stone stronghold. It was then called the New Castle (Novy Hrad). The last of Loran’s descendants died in 1398 and the castle together with the adjacent estates became the property of the king, and in 1410 became the property of the Perényi family. In the middle of the century, John Jiskra army occupied it, and after their resignation, rebels called bratrzycy. After suppressing their movement, the castle returned to its rightful owners, who, by way of exchange, gave it to the Tarcay family from nearby Kamienica. In 1556, the castle was conquered and destroyed by troops loyal to the Habsburgs.

Architecture

The castle occupied the whole flattening of the top of the hill. The most important and the largest of its elements was a two-story, rectangular residential house with dimensions of 19 x 10.5 meters. For defense reasons, its western and northern walls were thinner (1.3 meters) than the southern and eastern (1.8 meters). Inside, there was a fireplace, bigger windows only on the upper floor and a latrine. The long inner courtyard was surrounded by a defensive wall on which the south side was an entrance gate. Probably to the south of the castle stretched fortified outer bailey.

Current state

The main element of the castle which has survived to this day is the ruin of a western dwelling house. The northern fragments of the defensive wall with traces of beams of the guard porch also have survived.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.