Hanigovce – New Castle

History

   The surrounding lands belonged initially to the owners of the Šariš castle. In 1322, the local nobleman Mičko (Mikš), received a separate area from king Charles I of Hungary and erected a small timber castle. When king Louis I confirmed this grant, son of Mičko, Loran rebuilt in 1342 the castle on a stone stronghold. It was then called the New Castle (Novy Hrad). The last of Loran’s descendants died in 1398 and the castle together with the adjacent estates became the property of the king, who in the same year passed it to the Pole Prokopi Balicki. Soon after, in 1410 Hanigovce became the property of the Perényi family. In the middle of the century, John Jiskra army occupied it, and later rebels called bratrzycy. After suppressing their movement, the castle returned to its rightful owners, who, by way of exchange, gave it to the Tarcay family from nearby Kamienica. In 1556, the castle was conquered and destroyed by troops loyal to the Habsburgs.

Architecture

   The castle occupied the entire flattening of the top of the hill. The most important and largest element of it was at least two-story, rectangular residential house measuring 19 x 10.5 meters. Its eastern wall overlooking the castle courtyard was almost twice as thick as the others. The entrance led from the first floor, from the crown of the northern defensive wall. The ground floor did not have any openings, while inside the upper floor there was a fireplace, larger windows and a latrine bay. The room on the first floor was originally divided by a wooden partition into two smaller rooms.
   The long courtyard adjacent to the building was surrounded by a defensive wall on the southern side of which was the entrance gate. The northern curtain of the wall, better protected by high slopes, was thinner (1.3 meters) than the southern curtain (1.8 meters), facing the access road. On the south-eastern side, the fortifications leaned on a rock block, in which three grooves were carved, originally used to embed some defensive structure flanking the gate next to it. Probably south of the castle stretched fortified outer ward.

Current state

   The main element of the castle which has survived to this day is the ruin of a western dwelling house. The northern fragments of the defensive wall with traces of beams of the guard porch also have survived.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.