Hajnacka – castle

History

The beginnings of wood and earth fortifications on the castle hill date back to the 13th century. Probably served as a place of refuge during the Mongol invasion in the years 1241 – 1242. The stone castle was probably built at the beginning of the fourteenth century, the first written mention of it comes from 1320, when king Charles I of Hungary confiscated it from Alexander, son of Velk from the Hunt- Poznanski family. Shortly thereafter, king handed castle to Thomas Szécsény, whose descendants held Hajnacka until 1424, when it became a salary of queen Barbara, and from 1438 it became the property of the noble Palóci family. In 1566 it was conquered by Turkish troops, which were stationed there until 1593. At the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries it was recaptured and again conquered in 1645 by the insurgents of Rakoczi. In 1703 a fire broke out in the castle after which it was not rebuilt.

Architecture

The main castle, consisting of a defensive wall and a residential house, was at the culmination of a rocky hill. Below, a outer bailey was built, reinforced with two lines of defensive walls and a horseshoe tower.

Current state

The castle has been preserved in a debris state. Its humble relics are hardly visible and hard to reach. One can admire only the rock formations on which the stronghold was erected.

show this monument on map

return to alphabetical index

bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.