Gáň – St Andrew’s church

History

The church was built at the turn of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. During the Mongol invasion, the building was seriously damaged, requiring extensive renovations in the second half of the 13th century. As a result, the walls of the nave and the apses were rebuilt. The reconstruction from the gothic period is connected with further destruction of the church as a result of a fire. Reformation and constant struggles in the 17th century also influenced the state of the church, because in 1694 it was mentioned as ruined and abandoned. In 1745 it underwent a baroque reconstruction, but to a large extent it retained his original romanesque appearance. In 1845, the gothic sacristy was demolished due to its poor condition and it was replaced with a new annex on the southern wall of the apse. In the years 1925-1926, the building was further renovated, the roof was replaced and the interior was renovated. Detailed research related to reconstruction was carried out in 1967-1968. As a result, all the plaster was removed, which brought the discovery of the bricked entrances to the nave, sacristy and romanesque windows. The final effect, however, left many doubts.

Architecture

The church was created as a small, stone temple with a horseshoe shaped apse from the east. The external facades are decorated with lesenes, a decorative element typical of brick romanesque buildings. The original romanesque window has been preserved in the eastern part of the apse, traces of the original, walled windows are also visible in the southern wall of the nave. Below you can also see a walled, romanesque stepped portal.

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bibliography:
Website apsida.sk, Gáň.