Budatin – castle

History

The castle was built in the second half of the 13th century. It protected an important trade route leading from Hungary to Silesia. It was located in a strategic place, at the ford, where duty was collected. Originally it was a royal castle, given at the beginning of the fourteenth century to the magnate Matthew Csák. From 1487, the owner was Kaspr Sunnegha (Gašpar Suňog). For some time it was taken over by knights-robbers, but in 1545 it returned to the hands of Juraj Sunnegh and remained in the possession of this family until 1798. After this date it belonged to the Csáks. In 1551 the castle was rebuilt in the renaissance style. The Turkish threat from the south and troubled times meant that at the beginning of the 17th century, the castle was again strengthened from the outside, while the former gothic interiors were rebuilt into a comfortable residence. When, at the end of the 18th century, the residence was in the hands of the Csák family, the building no longer had any major defensive assets and was a typical seat of the aristocracy. During the revolution of 1848, the imperial troops of the Habsburgs seriously damaged and burned the palace. It was rebuilt only in 1870 to serve as a barracks. In the years 1922-1923, the last major reconstruction of the palace in the historical-romantic style was made. In 1945, the castle was nationalized, and in the 1950s, the renovation was carried out, preserving the solid of the inter-war reconstruction.

Architecture

The oldest and most important part of the castle was a 20-meter high, stone tower, surrounded by a defensive wall. Within the ring of fortifications there were two residential and defensive buildings, one by the eastern curtain and the other by the northern curtain. The entrance gate was located in the north-east corner of the castle.

Current state

The Budatin castle has survived in a completely rebuilt form. The most visible medieval remain is the gothic main tower. It is open to visitors from May to September from 9.00 to 17.00 and from October to April from 9.00 to 16.00.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.