Breznica – castle

History

   Breznica Castle was built at the beginning of the second half of the 13th century, in lands owned since 1260 by Ostrzychom bishops. From the beginning it was a sticking point between the archbishop and the Benedictines of the monastery in Hronsky Benadyk, because the castle enabled the control of the lower part of Hron Valley, which was an important communication route. In 1311, the archbishop imposed excommunication on the hungarian magnate Matthew Csák, which caused retaliation by the Csák against the metropolitan and the capture of Breznica. The castle was quickly repaired, since in 1313 it was described as “important”. After the death of Csák, Breznica returned to the archbishop, and the old disputes with the monastery, which lasted until 1375, also returned. At that time no one invested in a castle of uncertain affiliation, which gradually declined.
  
During the wars that started after Albrecht Habsburg’s death, in 1441 the castle was captured by the army of John Jiskra of Brandýs. In the 60s of the 15th century, it was in the hands of the post-Hussite combatant robbers, who undertook armed expeditions from it. In 1471 during the Polish-Hungarian war, Breznica and several other castles in the area, were captured by Polish troops, and in the following century the stronghold was abandoned. The destruction of the castle ruins accelerated the acquisition of stone for the construction of nearby houses.

Architecture

   The main part of the castle measuring 50 x 30 meters was located at the top of the ridge of the hill and consisted of a perimeter wall, a quadrangular building added to the rock, perhaps in the form of a tower, and a larger, also quadrilateral defensive and residential tower in the western part of the courtyard. In the south-east, a smaller defensive tower adjoined the outer fave of the wall. On the elongated ridges running south and west of the hill, the outer ward extended up to 130 meters. The entrance to the upper part of the castle led from it through the ditch from the north-west side. The south-west, protruding part of the outer bailey was protected by a small round tower, in front of which the ridge continued to fall and was probably incorporated into the far-reaching timber and earth fortifications.

Current state

   The castle has not survived to modern times. Only the outline of earth ramparts, walls and moats are visible. The main remnant is the north-east section of castle walls, about 3 meters high and 7 meters long. Admission to the ruins is free.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.