Breznica – castle

History

The name Breznica appears for the first time in sources in 1283. From the beginning, the castle was the sticking point  between the archbishop of Esztergom and the Benedictines from the monastery in Hronsky Benadyk. In 1311, the archbishop imposed excommunication on Matthew Csák, which caused retaliation by the magnate against the metropolitan and the capture of Breznica. The castle was quickly repaired, since in 1313 it was described as “important”. After the death of Csák, Breznica returned to the archbishop, and the old disputes with the monastery, which lasted until 1375, also returned. At that time no one invested in a castle of uncertain affiliation, which gradually declined. During the wars that flared up after Albrecht Habsburg’s death, in 1441 the castle was captured by the army of John Jiskra of Brandýs. In the 60s of the 15th century, it was in the hands of the robbers, who undertook expeditions from it. In 1471 during the Polish-Hungarian war, Breznica and several other castles in the area, were captured by Polish troops, and in the following century the stronghold was abandoned. The destruction of the castle ruins accelerated the acquisition of stone for the construction of nearby houses.

Architecture

The main part of the castle with dimensions of 50 x 30 meters was at the top of the hill and consisted of a perimeter wall, added to the rock of the palace and a large defensive-residential tower. In the south-west a smaller defensive tower was adjacent to the outside of the wall. On the elongated ridge running to the south and west from the summit, stretched two outer baileys. One of them led to the entrance to the castle, which was protected by a small round tower.

Current state

The castle has not survived to modern times. Only the outline of earth ramparts, walls and moats are visible. The main remnant is the north-east section of castle walls, about 3 meters high and 7 meters long.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.