Braničev (Puruštan) – castle


The castle was probably built in the first half of the 13th century, probably after the Tatar invasion of 1241-1242. Initially, it was a royal stronghold with guard functions. In 1283, the Hungarian king Ladislaus IV gave Peter Petenya the area, in merit for his loyal service. In 1316 he rebelled against king Charles I and, among others, from Braničev’s castle, he undertook military expeditions to the estates of royal allies. Finally, until 1321, Peter lost all his strongholds: Kysak, Jasenov, Lipovec and also Braničev. Perhaps the castle was damaged at that time, but it still functioned in the 15th century, changing the owners several times. At that time, this hard-to-reach, isolated stronghold was abandoned.


The oldest part of the castle was a cylindrical tower with a diameter of 11 meters and a wall thickness of about 2.5 meters, located in the highest terrain. Its large internal space probably also provided housing conditions, which was important due to the lack of other stone buildings. Its protection was provided on three sides by a defensive wall creating an approximately triangular inner courtyard. On the eastern side, the 14th-century fortifications formed an outer ward, reinforced with a corner tower that flanked the entrance gate. From the western, southern and south-eastern sides, the outer defense zone was a dry moat (ditch).

Current state

The castle has not survived to modern times.

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Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Sypek A., Sypek.R., Zamki i obiekty warowne Słowacji Wschodniej, Warszawa 2005.