Boldog – church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

History

   The church was built in the first half of the 12th or maybe in the 11th century. Around 1220, it was extended westwards. After 1280, both the church and the whole local community passed into the possession of the Order of Poor Clares. In the years 1364-1370, they made a gothic reconstruction of the church. In 1605 the temple was damaged during insurgent fights. From 1634, the building belonged to the Calvinists, but it was not used and systematically destroyed. In 1706, the church was once again taken over by the Poor Clares, which in 1713 renovated it. In the mid-nineteenth century, the building received a new roof. In 1976, a professional reconstruction of the church took place, during which romanesque and gothic windows and other original architectural elements were discovered.

Architecture

   The original church was built using stones from a Roman tomb from the 2nd century AD. It was a small building with a single nave and an apse of unknown form. The expansion of the western part from the first quarter of the 13th century was made using bricks. In connection with these works, a longer nave and a four-sided turret were built, and a new southern entrance to the nave was created, thanks to which the church exceptionally had two romanesque portals on one south side. In the north-west and south-west corners of the church there are romanesque roof consoles in the shape of a lion or bull head (north side) and a ram (south side), which may have had a protective function, deterring from evil. Inside, the western part of the nave was filled with a gallery, lit by two round openings, one from the south and one from the west.
   During the gothic reconstruction from the fourteenth century, the original romanesque apse was replaced with a larger, polygonal chancel, which received the same width as the nave. It was already illuminated by gothic windows with pointed arches filled with trefoil tracery.

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bibliography:
Website apsida.sk, Boldog.