Biely Kameň – castle

History

The castle was first mentioned in 1271 in relation with the invasions of king Ottokar II of Bohemia. It was the property of the Svätojurský family until their extinction in 1526. At the beginning of the fifteenth century, this family divided into two branches: Svätojurský and Pezinska. Thanks to this, the oldest preserved description of the castle was created for the purposes of property disputes in 1412. Later, it became the property of another aristocratic family, Zápolya. In the second half of the seventeenth century, it was ravaged by Turkish troops and since then remained in ruins.

Architecture

Originally, the castle occupied the culmination of the hill and had an elliptical plan with dimensions of 60×70 meters (of which the upper castle had 55×35 meters). It had a tower with a side length of about 10 meters, performing defensive and residential functions. The existence of the second tower on the upper castle is uncertain. The main residential wing was probably a building in the northern part, which housed, among others a chapel. At the end of the 14th century, the castle was expanded. At that time an outer ring of walls was created with a gate tower from the north-east and two more towers. The entrance led through a drawbridge over the dry moat. In the fifteenth century, economic buildings adjoined the outer wall.

Current state

Currently, only humble remains of the stronghold can be seen on the forested hill. The relics of the keep and the buried cellars have been preserved from the upper castle. The remains of the entrance gate and watchtower as well as considerable fragments of the perimeter wall have survived from the lower castle.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.