Żmigród – tower house

History

   The castle was first mentioned in 1296. The next information about the castrum belonging to the dukes of Oleśnica comes from 1375. With the death of the last Oleśnica Piast, Konrad the White, in 1492, the town and castle became the property of the Czech king Władysław Jagiellończyk, who handed over the local lands to the Polish feudal of Wielkopolska, Zygmunt Korcbok (Kurzbach) from Witkowo. Wilhelm Kurzbach was in 1560 the builder of the second, preserved to this day tower. His family had a castle until 1592 when Ulrich von Schaffgotsch bought it. In 1642 the castle captured the Swedes and raised the outer bastion fortifications. From the 17th century to 1945 the estate was in the hands of von Hatzfeld, who made the expansion and removal of the old foundations.

Architecture

   The fortress was situated in a defensive area, among the marshes and Barycz reservoirs. In addition, it was surrounded by a watered moat. It had an irregular plan with a tower standing on the northern section of the peripheral walls and a gate from the south. The only preserved tower from the 16th century is a quadrangular, four-storey building of residential-defensive character. Its lower parts are decorated with slender blendes of closed semicirculars.

Current state

   Until the present time, from the castle has survived only a residential-defensive tower from 1560. Its upper floors are not original because they come from the 19th century. The curved staircase is probably also a later addition. Since 2008 the remains of the castle have been adapted for tourist purposes.

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bibliography:
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.
Przyłęcki M., Budowle i zespoły obronne na Śląsku, Warszawa 1998.