Złotoryja – town defensive walls

History

   Town walls were erected in the 14th century on the site of earlier wooden fortifications of the 13th century. They were recorded for the first time in written sources in 1357. At the beginning of the 15th century an additional outer wall was erected and the towers and gates were strengthened. Fortifications began to dismantled in 1822 and especially after obtaining official permission in 1863. These works, with the aim of protecting the monument, were suspended at the end of the 19th century.

Architecture

   The ring of the fortifications built of sandstone, basalt and bricks was shaped close to oval in plan. The wall was originally topped with battlement, later at least partially replaced by a simple, roofed breastwork with loop holes. In the 15th century a second, lower belt of fortifications with small towers was added (not all around the town), about 8-10 meters from the curtain wall. During this period, the internal perimeter of the walls was also strengthened with semicircular towers. Initially, the town had two gates: the lower one called Legnicka and the upper one called Kowalska, and later the wicket gates of Wilcza and Solna. The main gates were protected by foregate towers.

Current state

   The longest but also heavily reduced fragments of the preserved defensive walls are from Staszica to Sikorskiego streets and further at Monastery street and Post Office. The semi-cylindrical half towers also have survived. The most notable remains of the fortifications is the Blacksmith’s Tower, originally the tower of the Upper Gate. Its culmination is the result of modern reconstruction.

show Blacksmith’s Tower on map

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bibliography:
Przyłęcki M., Mury obronne miast Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław 1970.

Website zabytek.pl, Mury miejskie Złotoryja.