Ziębice – St Geoge’s Church

History

   The parish church of Saint George was built as an early gothic hall in the years 1265-1275. The chancel was added to it in the second half of the 14th century, and the St. Mary’s Chapel was built in the years 1420-1423. At that time, the chapel of St. George and the prince’s matroneum were added. In the second half of the fifteenth century, a bell tower was erected by the west façade. In the period 1706-1707, the building was renovated and rebuilt. Another renovation was carried out in the years 1898-1900, the baroque influences were partially removed at that time.

Architecture

   The original, oldest church probably was one-nave with a transept and a separated chancel ened with an apse. The arms of the transept were also finished with apses. In the third quarter of the 13th century, a two-nave corpus was erected on the site of the old nave, and in the second half of the fourteenth century, the late-romanesque chancel was replaced with a gothic one.
   The church in its final form from the Middle Ages was in the western part a two-nave, four-span hall. The presbytery was a three-nave pseudobasilic, with three-sided end on the east. At the corpus there were added two chapels: St. Mary from the north and St. George from the south. St. Mary’s Chapel is covered by the stellar vault. North of the church there is a high stone belfry, topped with battlements and pyramidal helmet. Outside, the church was strengthened with buttresses, between which there were ogival windows with traceries. In the west facade you can see two rosettes and two ogival portals. The northern, elder is early gothic and dates from the first half of the 13th century.
   In the interior there are two altar wings from the early 16th century, late gothic stone tabernacle, two gothic crucifixes, a sculpted triptych from the early 16th century, and a stone pulpit from 1595. On the chancel walls there are frescoes from the 15th century, and on the eastern wall from the early 16th century.

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bibliography:
Architektura gotycka w Polsce, red. T. Mroczko i M. Arszyński, Warszawa 1995.
Pilch J, Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.
Website ziebice.pl, Dekanat Ziębicki.
Website zabytkowekoscioly.net, Ziębice, kościół św. Jerzego.