Żerniki – St Lawrence’s Church

History

   Church of St. Lawrence was probably built in the last quarter of the 13th century. In 1280 it was recorded in written sources. In the fifteenth century, a tower and sacristy were added. In the 18th century the windows were enlarged, and in the 19th century a western portal was added. Planned for the years 1911-1914 further reconstruction was not completed due to the outbreak of World War I, and later for unknown reasons also did not come to effect. During the siege of Wroclaw in 1945 the temple was destroyed. In the years 1947-1950 reconstruction was performed.

Architecture

   The church had a layout typical of 13th-century village parish churches. Originally, it consisted of a rectangular nave measuring 10.2 x 7.1 meters and a narrower and lower chancel on the eastern side, also erected on a quadrilateral plan. In the 15th century, a sacristy was added to the north side of the chancel, and a four-sided tower was added to the nave from the west, reinforced with high stepped buttresses.
   The chancel, reinforced from the outside with buttresses, was covered inside with a cross vault, the ribs of which were placed on two sandstone corbels. The nave of the church was originally covered with a simple ceiling made of boards.

Current state

   The church has retained the spatial layout obtained in the Middle Ages, and the interior of its presbytery features a cross-rib vault. Unfortunately, the windows were enlarged in the early modern period, although at least the modern annexes from the west and south were demolished. From the medieval furnishings, a stoup made of sandstone from the 15th century has survived.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewski T., Wiejskie kościoły parafialne XIII wieku na Śląsku (miejscowości S-Ż) i na Łużycach, Wrocław 1994.