Żelazno – tower house


   The tower was probably built in the late 15th century. Its founder is unknown, although historians point to the figure of the burgrave of Kłodzko castle, Jacob Stanke von Koritau, owner of local goods. The original function of the tower is also unknown, and may only serve as a medieval watchtower. During the Thirty Years War in 1646 the tower was destroyed by fire. In 1727 it was rebuilt, plastered and covered with a new roof. In 1966 a general renovation was carried out.


   The tower was built on a quadrilateral plan with a projection of 6.5 x 7 meters. It was covered with a high, hip roof and a reconstructed hoarding porch. Originally, it was probably four-story. At the level of the first floor there was a latrine and narrow window openings, interpreted as arrowslits or ventilation openings. However, there are no traces of larger windows, which would suggest that the tower, at least for longer periods of time, did not originally have residential functions. The ground floor, like the upper floors, was covered with a wooden ceiling supported by stone corbels. On each floor there was a two-bay communication system with ladder stairs, separated from the adjacent room by a partition screen.

Current state

   Today the tower is privately owned. Thanks to the new owner, it has regained its medieval look, by removing the external plastering and reconstruction of the hoarding. On the first floor, relics of the latrine and original narrow window openings have been preserved, while inside, there are stone corbels on which the ceiling was mounted.

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Chorowska M., Rezydencje średniowieczne na Śląsku, Wrocław 2003.
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, red. L.Kajzer, Warszawa 2003.