Żary – church of the Sacred Heart

History

Church was built by Ulric von Dewin in the early 13th century. The gothic expansion was carried out in stages, first in 1308, the choir’s consecration was recorded. The main nave was erected in 1401, and about 1430 vaults were closed. Also in the fifteenth century, the chancel was raised, the temple was enlarged by two chapels and a magnificent western vestibule. In 1559, the top of the eastern wall of the corpus collapsed, destroying the vault of the presbytery, which were reconstructed until 1581. From 1528, the building was in the possession of Protestants, who after the fire in 1684 transformed the interior, bordering the central nave with galleries. The reconstruction lasted until 1694 under the supervision of construction master Kasper Müller from Bolesławiec and the bricklayer Stefan Spinetto from Żagań. The temple was destroyed again in 1944 as a result of bombing.

Architecture

The original temple was erected from brick in the monk bond, as a two nave structure supported by three central pillars with a stone tower attached to the chancel. At present, the main body is a five-span, three-nave hall supported on eight pillars. Above the nave a stellar vault was created, whose ribs went to the tracery consoles. The stellar vault also has a chapel by the tower, while the rib vault is in the west porch. The presbytery is elongated, three-span and ended polygonal. The gothic character of the building is emphasized by pointed portals and windows, buttresses that exert high walls and stepped gables crowned with pinnacles filled with pointed blendes.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.
Pilch J., Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Website lwkz.pl, Żary – Kościół p.w. Najświętszego Serca Pana Jezusa.