Wysocice – St Nicholas church

History

   The church was built at the turn of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, presumably from the knight’s foundation of Odrowąż, which ruled since the middle of the twelfth century, the towns located in the valley of Dłubni. The first mention of the existence of the parish in Wysocice dates back to 1325. About 1565, the land bought Jan Płaza from Mstyczowa and turned the church into a Protestant church, depriving it of Catholic equipment. The restored church returned to the Catholics after 1613, after the purchase of Wysocice by Elisabeth Wołłowicz. In subsequent years, in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, only minor architectural changes were made to the building’s block. By the south, at the main entrance a brick porch was added, and from the north the sacristy. The vault in the chancel was rebuilt and the roofs changed, adding in the 18th century a baroque helmet on the tower and a ridge turret.

Architecture

   Wysocice parish church stands on a flat hill, on the west bank of the Dłubnia. It is a romanesque-style building, made of limestone with details made of sandstone. The temple is orientated, with chancel and semicircular apse, rectangular nave and square tower. The original semi-circular windows and the tympanum portal of the early 13th century are preserved.
  
The massive church tower was divided into five storeys, with a room in the ground floor and a matroneumn (gallery) on the floor. The gallery bends semicircularly to the nave and opens with three windows on its interior. In its ground floor there is a square, cross-vaulted chamber, lit by shooting holes. Originally this room opened onto the nave with an arcade, above which on the north side a small semicircular portal was placed. At the threshold, two sockets on the beams were exposed, on which a timber porch rested (at a height of 2.8 meters), connected by a staircase or a ladder with the interior of the nave. On the other hand, the portal runs trough narrow stairs, located in the northern wall, specially thickened for this purpose, to the gallery in the tower. Its interior was covered with a cross vault and illuminated with a western window, and from the east connected with a semi-circular small apse, covered with a half-dome. There are three semi-circular opennings in it, providing good visibility to the nave. In the upper, defensive storey of the tower there are windows in the form of arrowslits  or observation windows. The highest storey have a bifora, separated by columns with cube capital. The upper floors of the tower had no connection with the gallery and it is not known how they were accessible from the nave.
  
On the wall of the eastern chancel, above the apse, there is a thirteenth-century sculptured statue of Madonna in the sandstone. The oldest equipment of the church is a late gothic pulpit from around 1500.

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bibliography:
Jarzewicz J., Kościoły romańskie w Polsce, Kraków 2014.
Sztuka polska przedromańska i romańska do schyłku XIII wieku, red. M. Walicki, Warszawa 1971.
Tomaszewski A., Romańskie kościoły z emporami zachodnimi na obszarze Polski, Czech i Węgier, Wrocław 1974.

Website  zabytek.pl, Kościół par. pw. św. Mikołaja Wysocice.