Wrocław – St Peter and St Paul’s Church

History

   For the first time the temple was mentioned at present site in 1175, as a chapel of the Cistercians from Lubiąż, offered to the Order by comes Mikora. Between 1241 and 1257, it was pulled down due to the expansion of the fortifications of the castle. The current church was built between 1404-1454. Construction started from the chancel and then a nave was erected.
  
The original single-pillar vaulted ceilings and chancel were destroyed with the roof destroyed in the great fire of Ostrow Tumski in 1634, after which they were rebuilt in baroque style in 1667 without a central pillar. Another fire of Ostrow Tumski and Sand Island touched the church in 1791, after which it was repaired again. During the Napoleonic wars in 1813, a hospital for French prisoners was established in church. In 1884 the interior of the church was renovated in neo-gothic style.
  
In 1945, the church suffered a great deal of damage, among others lost roof and vault. During the rebuilding, carried out in 1952-1953, partly restored the gothic character of the building, removed internal and external plasters and recreated the rib vaulted nave, supported on the rebuilt stone pillar. The correctness of reconstruction of the interior, especially of the west gable, is, however, questioned.

Architecture

   The Gothic church was erected as an aisleless structure, consisting of a square nave and a three-bay, three-side ended chancel connected to it from the east. It was covered with two gable roofs, multi-slope in the presbytery part. From the north, at the corner of the chancel and the nave, a staircase turret was placed. The nave’s elevations were given smooth shapes, while the chancel and the northern wall of the nave were reinforced with buttresses. There was a stellar vault in the nave, supported on a central pillar, while in the presbytery there was originally a rib vault, six-section in the eastern end.

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bibliography:
Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.
Website wikipedia.org, Kościół św. Piotra i św. Pawła we Wrocławiu.