Wrocław – St Giles Church

History

   The church was built in the twenties of the 13th century on the initiative of Victor, dean of the cathedral chapter in Wrocław. In 1603 the chapter ordered the renovation of the building, but in 1633 it was destroyed by fire. The church burnt down again in 1759. Perhaps it was during the reconstruction after this destruction that a baroque vault was established in the nave. After the Second World War, most of the changes introduced during the baroque period were removed, the external plasters were removed and the chancel arch rebuilt, leaving only a modern signature.

Architecture

   Church of St. Giles is a romanesque temple built of bricks in the monk bond. It consists of a nave measuring 10.5×7.3 meters and a square chancel measuring 5.1×4.8 meters, closed from the east with a three-sided apse. There are original window openings and brick wall decorations: frieze of penetrating arcades and tooth frieze. Inside leads a romanesque portal with two pairs of columns and a flat tympanum.
   The chancel covered with rib vault and the nave are separated by a double, ogival arcade. In the center of the nave there was originally a pillar, which divided the nave space into four sections, covered with rib vaults. This is an unusual solution, rarely found in romanesque architecture. Outside, the brick-built arcade connects the church with the 16th-century building of the chapter, creating the so-called “Kluskowa” gate.

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bibliography:
Jarzewicz J., Kościoły romańskie w Polsce, Kraków 2014.
Świechowski Z., Architektura na Śląsku do połowy XIII wieku, Warszawa 1955.

Website albumromanski.pl, Wrocław – kościół św. Idziego, XIII w.