Wrocław – St Barbara’s Church

History

   Church of St. Barbara was erected on the site of the chapel, mentioned for the first time in 1265 or 1268. In the years 1430-1440, it was enlarged by a chancel, and the present shape was obtained after 1465, when a nave with a tower and sacristy were erected on the site of the chapel. The bricklayers Hans Berthold and Peter Franczke participated in the construction works at that time. In 1525, the church was taken over by Protestants, in whose hands it remained until the Second World War. In 1945, it was seriously damaged, including the total burn-in of the interior. The reconstruction was carried out in the years 1947-1949 and 1959-1961, after which it was handed over to the Orthodox Church.

Architecture

   The church is composed of a three-nave, two-bay hall and two-bay, rectangular chancel. On the north side, a two-span sacristy is added to the presbytery. From the west, the corpus is preceded by a massif, which originally supposed to have two towers, but eventually only the southern one was completed. Outside, the naves, tower and sacristy were reinforced with buttresses. The chancel and the centyral nave are covered with a jointed gable roof, while the side aisles are covered with transversal gable roofs. The triangular gables of the side aisles and the sacristy are filled with blendes.
   Three ogival portals lead into the interior. The most interesting of them is the southern portal, enclosed with an arcade with columns and topped with a figure of Saint Barbara. The interiors of the naves and the presbytery are covered with rib vaults and net vaults in the sacristy, while the arcades between the naves are supported on four-sided pillars.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.
Website zabytkowekoscioly.net, Wrocław, kościół św. Barbary.