Witnica – church of Christ the King

History

   The church was built in the second half of the 13th century, and in the fifteenth century, a tower was erected above its western part. In 1458, the von Sack family was mentioned for the first time, to which the village belonged, and with it a patronage over the church. Around 1540, the temple was taken over by the Protestants.
  
In the first half of the 18th century, new window openings were pierced and the interior of the church was covered with a wooden barrel vault on which the polychrome was made. In the second half of the eighteenth century, a large, two-storey matroneum was built in the western part of the nave. The entrance to the church was then transferred from the undertower to the south wall, to which a storey porch was added. Around 1830, the neo-gothic burial chapel of the von Oelsen family, then owners of the villages, was added to the eastern wall of the church.
  
In 1911 a thorough restoration of the church was carried out, maintained in the neo-gothic style. At that time, the entrance to the nave was restored from the west, by building a two-storeyed porch in the interior of the tower, and the baroque southern porch was pulled down, where a new, neo-gothic one was erected. Around 1932, the next restaurant of the temple was carried out, during which the tower was restored to its original form with battlements.

Architecture

   The church was erected from granite cubes laid in regular layers. Originally, it was an orientated building, aisleless, on a rectangular plan, without a separate chancel. Still in the Middle Ages, from the west side over the nave, a tower topped with battlements and a pyramidal spire, was added. The early gothic portals were closed with an ogival, pointed arches as in most of the early gothic period windows. In the southern wall, the original openings are visible: a window and a walled portal in the western part, and three walled windows in the eastern part. The north wall, now pierced by two openings, was originally devoid of windows. The facades of the tower were divided with blendes, and in the highest storey they were opened with bell holes in the form of pointed arch biforas. From the original equipment has preserved a stone baptismal font and a medieval granite stoup, embedded in the western wall of the church.

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bibliography:
Website zabytek.pl, Kościół par. pw. Chrystusa Króla Witnica.