Wierzbna – church of Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

History

   The church was built around 1230 but was mentioned only in 1283, when “rector ecclesiae de Wirbno Johannes” was mentionedIn 1315, the monastery in Kamieniec took patronage over the church “in Wirbna prope Swidniz”. Church was partially renovated in the late Middle Ages, in the second half of the 15th century a romanesque nave was vaulted. It was rebuilt in the 18th century by the addition of a new, ugly and no matching building from the north. The church was repaired several times: in the second half of the 19th century and in the years 1960 and 1968.

Architecture

   The church was built of carefully worked granite, as a structure with a single, rectangular nave 11.3 meters long and 9.1 meters wide, with a four-sided chancel measuring 6.8 x 5.3 meters, closed with a semicircular apse and a two-tower facade from the west. Nave of the church is two-bay and the presbytery one-bay. From the north there was originally a sacristy, after which only traces in the wall can be seen today.
   The nave was originally covered with a timber ceiling, in the late gothic period it received a stellar vault. Original rib vault has been preserved in the presbytery and semicircular vault in the apse, where additionally there are original window openings. There are also biforas in towers, as well as slide between towers. In the northern wall of the nave, one original window has been preserved, now walled and visible only from the inside. In addition, there is a pointed arch, a romanesque corridor between towers, stone, rectangular, western portal visible only from the inside and relics of the southern portal.

Current state

    The church has preserved its romanesque form to this day, but in the 18th century part of the northern wall of the nave was demolished, some window openings were enlarged, and some (on the north side) were bricked up. The west facade was distorted by a small 19th-century apse. The original vaults of the chancel and romanesque apse and the architectural elements mentioned above have survived.

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bibliography:
Jarzewicz J., Kościoły romańskie w Polsce, Kraków 2014.
Świechowski Z., Architektura na Śląsku do połowy XIII wieku, Warszawa 1955.