Wielka Wieś – castle Kluczwoda

History

The castle was built in the early 14th century as a defensive residence of the Syrkoml family. Its collapse should be connected to a construction catastrophe as a result of which the western and northern parts of the peripheral wall have fallen. During archaeological research many metal artefacts were discovered in the castle, including a sword’s head, two spurs, fragments of stirrups, a bit, a gold ring, numerous bolts, a crossbow stringing device, fragments of knives and puginals, and numerous pieces of ceramic pots.

Architecture

The castle was erected from the local limestone at the top of a rocky hill, at the edge of a valley which a stream flows into the river Rudawa. From the south, the hill ends with a nearly vertical wall, but the remaining slopes are also very steep. Main element of the castle was a circumferential wall about 1,2 meters thick, running along the edges of the hill and closing the area approximately 45 x 10 meters. The entrance was located in the south  part of the eastern wall. The main residential building was a 3,3×3,9 meter tower in the north-eastern corner of the castle. It probably had two or three storeys. In the central part of the castle was a narrow range, adjacent to the east peripheral wall. Communication between the lower southern part of the castle and the higher northern part allowed the stone stairs. At the foot of the rock there was an earth rampart, surrounded the horseshoe, small outer bailey.

Current state

The castle has not survived to modern times, only modest stone relics are visible on the impressive rock. Admission to its area is free.

show this monument on map

return to alphabetical index

bibliography:
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.
Kołodziejski S., Średniowieczne budowle obronne na terenie Jury Ojcowskiej w świetle wyników nowszych badań, Kraków 2006.