Węsiory – megalithic graveyard

History

   Graveyard of Goths and Gepids originates from the 1st-3rd century a.d. Its beginning was in the 70s and 80s a.d., that is, the time of the supposed arrival of the Goths and Gepids in Pomerania from the area of present-day southern Sweden. The migration of these peoples contributed to creation of a culture called the Wielbark culture. It can be assumed that stone circles served as meeting places for tribal elders, where the most important decisions regarding the group using the cemetery were made. Burial mounds were created around the stone circles, which served as family tombs, because there are from 1 to 3 graves under stone embankments.

Architecture

   In the area of the cemetery there are three stone circles and part of the fourth and 20 barrows. The diameter of the largest circle is 26 meters and is arranged from stones about 1,5 meters high. In the middle of some are stone steles (large stones placed vertically). Cremated or skeletal burials are located in different places within the circles, burnt usually at the depth of 0.5 to 1 meter, and skeletal at 1.5 up to 2 meters. Barrows have circular bases with a diameter of 4 to 16 meters and sometimes also stone stele at the top.

Current state

   In addition to three stone circles and twenty barrows in Węsiory, you can see an open-air museum reconstructing a gothic hillfort referring to migration period. Among the huts and defense facilities are concerts, theater workshops, pottery workshops, knights and dance shows and so-called Goths Feast.

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bibliography:
Website suleczyno.pl, Cmentarzysko z kręgami kamiennymi w Węsiorach.